A highly intelligent, active, and loyal dog, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a breed that, while loving and happy, can be a bit stubborn at times. This dog is a great watchdog, although most do not bite or attack – they simply bark excessively when they feel threatened. Like some of us humans, the Pembroke loves to eat! Whether you're an individual who lives in an apartment or a large family with plenty of room to roam, don't buy a puppy without first learning about the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi's History
Traced back as far as 1107 AD, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of the oldest herding breeds, known to have amassed ducks, geese, sheep, cattle, and horses as long ago as the 10th century. It is believed the breed may have descended from Pomeranian, Schipperke, Swedish Vallhund, and other Spitz-type dogs.
In 1925 the Corgi Club was founded in Carmarthen, Pembrokeshire. Officially recognized by the Kennel Club (United Kingdom) in 1934, both Cardigan Welsh Corgis and Pembroke Welsh Corgis were lumped together under the heading Welsh Corgis. As of 2006, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi ranked 22nd in American Kennel Club registrations, and are steadily becoming a highly popular pet in the U.S.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi's Appearance
Appearing almost fox-like, the Welsh Corgi is the smallest breed in the AKC Herding Group. Despite its small size, the dog is quite athletic and sturdy. Nearly twice its height in length, this is a naturally agile dog since it was originally bred for the physical demands of herding.
Double-coated, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a thick undercoat and a top coat that is typically dense and medium in length. As an adult, males will generally weigh up to 27 pounds and stand 11 to 12" tall; females usually weigh up to 25 pounds and stand 10 to 11" tall. Coat colors vary and range from fawn, sable and red, to black and tan. Many also have white markings.
Nearly all Pembroke Welsh Corgis are either born with no tail, or have their tails docked, which is the primary characteristic that distinguishes this dog from the Cardigan Welsh Corgi.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi's Temperament
A "big dog on short legs," Corgi puppies grow into a territorial dog that will socialize very well with other pets in the family, but will become agitated when strange cats or dogs invade their turf. If you have a farm, you will find your pet gets along famously with horses and other livestock, attributable to the Corgi breeding heritage
While the Welsh Corgi is a fine watchdog and will bark when strangers come around, it is also polite when guests visit. Frisky and highly spirited, your pet will love any activities that test its agility, such as chasing balls, retrieving sticks or obviously, herding the livestock. This brings us to another point: Corgi puppies may try to "herd" your family members by circling and nipping at your heels if not restrained early on.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi must view his family members as the "leaders" of the pack, otherwise your pet may develop dominance issues. Treat this dog consistently with a firm but calm approach in a loving manner, and your pet will be obedient.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi's Proper Environment
This is one breed that is suitable for almost any living environment, although a ranch or farm is most suited to the Welsh Corgi's love of herding livestock. Living in an apartment is fine as well, as long as you give your pet the proper amount of daily exercise. Because the breed's body is so long and low to the ground, it is not recommended that the dog be required to climb a substantial number of stairs on a frequent basis, as this could cause back problems
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi will easily adapt to country or city life, and can endure almost any climate because of its weather-resistant double coat.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi's Health
As with many breeds, this is generally a healthy one but may be prone to eye problems such as PRA (progressive retinal atrophy), a condition that can lead to blindness. Hip dysplasia is another common condition owners should watch for. This is a genetic disease that can limit movement and result in pain. If your dog limps or shows signs of distress when walking, it could be a sign of hip dysplasia.
Monorchidism and cutaneous asthenia are other conditions that may affect the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, although these conditions are not common. Monorchidism is a rare disorder that affects only males, who are born with only one testicle. Cutaneous asthenia (also called dermatosparaxis or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome) is caused by reduced collagen production, and results in skin that is fragile, loose and easily damaged because of defective connective tissue.
Being overweight is one of the biggest health threats to this breed. Since this dog is prone to overindulging, it is important that you monitor your pet's diet and make sure it gets plenty of exercise.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi's Grooming
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a naturally clean breed, so it is easier to groom than many breeds. Brush on a weekly basis to remove loose hair from the coat. During the biannual shedding seasons your pet will lose copious amounts of hair, so you will want to brush more often during those times. Bathing every three or four months is sufficient, as more frequent bathing will remove the natural oils from the weatherproof coat.
Brush your pet's teeth on a weekly basis to promote gum health and prevent tartar build-up. Also check ears for infection, irritation or an excessive amount of wax. If ear cleaning is needed, simply use a cotton ball dipped in a veterinarian-approved cleanser. If your pet does not wear down his or her nails naturally outdoors, trim on a monthly basis.
Group Classification: Herding
Country of Origin: N/A
Date of Origin: N/A
Shedding: Moderate Shed
Body Size: N/A
Weight M: 25-30 pounds
Height M: 10-12 inches
Weight F: 24-28 pounds
Height F: 10-12 inches
Litter Size: 6-8 puppies
Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
Recognized By: CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR
sable, red, fawn, black or tan with white markings on all colors acceptable.
Indoors or outdoors as long as climates are not too extreme