The Pug is one of the oldest breeds and is a devoted, faithful and loving companion. Believed to have been of Oriental origin, it has some basic similarities to the Pekingese. Easily adaptable, these dogs are at home anywhere, whether in a small apartment or vast country estate as long as it doesn't get too hot. It is advisable to limit exposure to extreme temperatures to avoid problems with its breathing. This even-tempered breed is playful, outgoing and dignified. It weighs an average of 14 to 18 pounds and is very compact in size. Its smooth coat comes in black, silver, apricot or fawn. Contact the dog breeders below for your next family friend.
Is your idea of the perfect pet one that loves to sleep, eat, and entertain you with its humor? If so, the Pug is an ideal pet for families looking for a dog that is loving, affectionate, and thrives on living indoors. Endearing, with their protruding eyes and black masks, the Pug will be your constant shadow and companion!
It is believed that Pugs originated around 400 B.C. in China, and eventually became popular pets in Japan and Tibet after being given as gifts from royalty. Because the Pug was once the preferred pet of Tibetan Monks, it is suspected by some that the Pug may be a descendant of the Tibetan Mastiff. In ancient China, Pugs were believed to be genetically responsible for the existence of the Pekingese, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and the English Bulldog.
During the 16th century the Pug was imported by the Dutch East India Company to Europe, where it is said to have become the official dog of the House of Orange in 1572. Eventually, this dog became popular in Spain and Italy, where it was used as a guard dog and by the military to track both people and animals.
Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, the popularity of the breed continued to spread in France and eventually to England, where it flourished under Queen Victoria, who bred Pugs herself. Pugs entered the United States during the 19th century, and were soon making their way into homes across the nation. The AKC recognized the breed in 1885 as part of its Toy Group, and in 1931 the Pug Dog Club of America was founded. Today this popular dog ranks within the top echelon of all dog breeds.
For some, the appearance of the Pug could be described as a dog that's "so ugly, it's cute." With its bulging eyes, black face, and wrinkles, this is a breed that's easily recognized by most people!
Usually weighing between 13 and 20 pounds and standing 12 to 14 inches tall as an adult, the Pug is a thick-bodied dog that is stocky and square. In fact, the word "pug" is slang for “boxer,” and because of their stocky build, they are sometimes even compared to middleweight fighters. Most Pugs have straight legs that, while short, are extremely strong; their gait is distinctive and somewhat resembles a waddle.
With their prominent eyes, short black muzzles, and velvety soft ears, it's hard to resist this breed which descends from Eastern China and Tibet. A tightly curled tail embellishes the breed's short back, adding to its cuteness.
Charming, sweet, and at times comical, the Pug is a breed that is playful, mostly good-humored, calm, and dignified. Your dog may be stubborn, but it's rare that this breed gets into any real trouble or mischief. Generally speaking, Pugs may be obstinate, but are not usually aggressive. When they're not following you around, you may find your pet taking a nap – as this breed loves to do.
Pugs love to play, but they also love to eat. It will be your responsibility to watch your puppy's weight and monitor caloric intake if your dog starts to look portly, which can lead to other health problems. While your Pug puppy or dog may try to demand your attention, try not to spoil it too much. This is a breed that gets along with other pets and children, although you may observe a little jealousy if you have another one of your pets in your lap. As long as you treat your Pug like a member of the family, you will enjoy a pet that lavishes plenty of affection and devotion on you. Animated and quite entertaining, you may be amused at the snuffles, snorts, grunts, and other interesting noises your dog may make at times.
Pug's Proper Environment
Pugs are perfect for those who desire a dog that will live indoors including within an apartment setting, as they do not thrive well in high temperatures or extremely humid conditions. If you live in an area that is fairly hot and/or humid, be sure to keep your pet indoors, as this is a breed that can quickly overheat if left out in hot, sunny conditions.
Pugs can live in any type of residence because of their tendency to nap, and their low level of activity. Whether you live in a suburban home, on a farm, or in an apartment or condo, your pet will adapt well as long as it is properly exercised. This will be subject to your dog's ability to breathe normally and sustain normal behavior during activity. While a pug may need only a short walk even for as little as five minutes in some cases, it still needs exercise to try to control weight gain. It is recommended that you avoid too strenuous an exercise which can lead to overheating or other problems. Homes with other pets or small children are okay, too, as this is a breed that is not normally aggressive.
Some of the health issues/problems most common with the Pug include heatstroke, epilepsy, skin problems, eye and eyelid problems, hip dysplasia, and breathing problems due to their short noses. Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) and Legg-Perthes (lameness of the hip joint) are other conditions to which the breed is susceptible.
Legg-Perthes disease, also sometimes referred to as Legg's disease, Perthes disease, and Legg- Calve-Perthe disease or aseptic necrosis, is a disease in which the hip joint can collapse. This is caused when the lysis and necrosis of the head and neck of the femur degenerate. Ultimately, this disease leads to osteoarthritis.
Surprisingly, Pugs shed a lot, meaning you will need to brush your dog frequently to remove loose hair and keep your furniture free of hair. Brushing will also help keep your pet's coat healthy and shiny. Bathing is not recommended more than once per month, as it can be drying and irritating to their sensitive skin. However, if your pet gets excessively dirty from playing in the mud, it's fine to offer it a bath as long as you use mild shampoo and conditioner to help keep the skin moisturized, and avoid bathing the top of the head. When water gets into the ears, it can cause an infection.
What about all of those wrinkles and folds? Clean your pet's facial folds with cotton gauze, a moist washcloth or baby wipe that is not scented. Clean these areas often, and dry thoroughly after cleaning to avoid fungus or other infections.
Other than regular brushing and the occasional bath, check your dog's ears regularly for infection, and trim the nails when they begin to "click" on your tile or hardwood floors.
Group Classification: Toy
Country of Origin: N/A
Date of Origin: N/A
Shedding: Heavy Shed
Body Size: N/A
Weight M: 14-18 pounds
Height M: 12-14 inches
Weight F: 14-18 pounds
Height F: 10-12 inches
Litter Size: 4-8 puppies
Life Expectancy: 12-14 years
Recognized By: CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR
The acceptable colors are silver, apricot-fawn, or black. The trace and the mask should be a drastic black contrast from the silver and apricot-fawn colors. Currently, the breed club is considering the placement of brindle among the color standard; however, it has not been approved.
This is a dog that prefers indoor life because it was bred as a companion dog; however, with its flat muzzle, the pug may have difficulty breathing outdoors. Its respiratory system and respiration are compromised in the heat and humidity and extreme cold. Owners must ensure shade and access to fresh water if they are making an outing during hot and humid weather. Exercising the pug during these times should be minimized.