Find Napoleon Kittens For Sale
- Wonderfulkittys Napoleon
- Masontown, PA
The Napoleon cat, also known as the “Rug Hugger,” features a whimsical baby-doll face, a plush silky coat, and a low-slung Dachshund-like body. These cats bring an immediate smile to your face and capture your heart with their unique charm. Napoleons are a hybrid cat breed—a mix of Persian and Munchkin, which is another short-legged breed. They combine the older traditional “doll-faced” Persian look with the short legs of the Munchkin and come in all colors of the cat rainbow, and with both long and short coats. The Napoleon is still in the early stages of its development as a breed. Both short and long-legged kittens may appear in any litter. The long-legged cats cannot be shown, but they make wonderful, charming pets too.
The Napoleon shares its history with that of the Persian, which has been a part of the cat fancy from its beginnings in the late 19th century, and with the modern Munchkin whose roots go back to 1983, when a woman named Sandra Hockendal rescued a pregnant cat with short legs. Some of the resultant kittens had short legs too, and Sandra's Louisiana plantation became the base of a population of short-legged cats that resulted from a dominant dwarfism gene—“Munchkinism.” TICA (The International Cat Association) recognized the Munchkin for registration status in 1994 and for Championship status, after years of careful monitoring for good health, in May of 2003.
In 1996, Joe Smith started crossbreeding Munchkins with the Persian Breed Group (which included Persians, Himalayans, and even Exotic Shorthairs). Joe was a breeder of Basset Hounds, a low-slung breed of dog, and he became intrigued with the Munchkin and its genetics. He wanted to create a breed that would have universal appeal whether the cat had the signature short legs or the longer legs of the non-standard version. Joe decided to call his new breed the Napoleon after Napoleon Bonaparte, who was very short of stature. The Persians used were the so-called doll faced Persians which had a longer nose than the modern Persian and a very open sweet expression.
Not wanting to copy-cat the Persians, Joe opted to craft the breed standard to aim for the look of the "old-fashioned Persian faces of years ago" instead of the pekinese-faced snubbed nosed Persians of today. There were other reasons for this chosen mix; the Persian breed is known for its gentle loving nature, so by avoiding the extreme peke-faced Persian breeding, the Napoleons would be opting for a healthier breed, plus there is a huge following of the old-timey Persians by people who love and prefer that sweet expression yet find it difficult to find in contemporary Persians.
In 2001 Joe contacted TICA and the new breed was added to the list of Experimental breeds, and by 2002 Joe had met the criteria for the next stage in development and the breed was advanced to Registration Only status. This important step recognized the name and started the breed on the ladder towards championship status.
It takes a long time and a lot of hard work to develop a new breed and there are often frustrations and complications along the way with both the development and the process to get a new breed accepted. In 2008, Joe moved on to other projects and other Napoleon breeders assumed the energy to continue the drive towards full recognition. When the breed was presented to the TICA board in September 2011, the Napoleon reached the coveted next step of Preliminary New Breed, and could begin showing in that class at shows effective May 2012.
The Napoleon is a gentle, extremely affectionate and people-oriented cat. They have the gentleness of the Persian and the energy and curiosity of the Munchkin. Their big eyes in their sweet faces give them a look of complete innocence, while their inquisitiveness gets them into all kinds of minor trouble! While gentle, they are also self-starting when it comes to activity and, like the Munchkin, can navigate the curves of their self-defined race-track for the day at breakneck speed.
Napoleons are known for their “prairie dog” perch—standing at attention on their hind legs. Their small legs do not limit their mobility at all, but may create a little bit of a waddle when they walk. Napoleons are a people-pleasing breed with an even-tempered, sweet, loving disposition. They are lively and active without being overly so, and they love to lie at rest in your arms.
The Napoleon is an easygoing, fun-loving pet. It is playful and active, and will keep its owners entertained and smiling. It is a very cute and social cat. It usually does well with children and other pets, so it makes a great family pet.
In appearance, the first thing you notice is the sweet face and the second the short legs. While derived from the Persian and the Munchkin, the Napoleon is a distinct breed with its own characteristic look. The head is round and has great big eyes, which may be blue or green, and has a longer nose more like the traditional Persians of days of old. The standard Napoleon has short legs but the non-standard version with the long legs still has the same distinctive features in the head and there is no mistaking the fact that it is a Napoleon.
Round is the word most associated with the breed. The round head has a shape like a pie-plate and big round eyes like marbles are set into it. Round cheeks, round top head, round muzzle. The ears are medium to small and also contribute to the round look of the head. The nose has a slight change of direction often referred to as a ski jump nose, meaning it tips up ever so slightly at the end. All of which combine to present the very sweet innocent look of the breed.
They are a medium-sized strong cat—and their low-slung bodies reflect that. Like Napoleon, they wear their short-legged bodies with great authority. Roundness also has a role in the overall structure of the body—they have a semi-cobby body which gives a sense of roundness and the overlaying musculature emphasizes that same roundness. These sturdy cats have strong, solid boning and excellent musculature kept in shape by their active natures that have them running round the house and up and down the stairs at great speed.
Knowing that there were many followers of the old-timey Persians who longed for that old-fashioned "look", it seemed to be a good match-up and time has proven it so. Between the sweet opened wide-eyed expression and those cute little legs, Napoleons have been become quite popular despite the struggles to gain championship status within TICA.
The Napoleon Cat’s most important characteristic is its short legs, which is the gene inherited from the Munchkin. It is a very small cat (four to seven pounds). It has a plush coat that can be either short or long. Another important trait is that its skin and coat can hold up to six hairs in one hair follicle, which is why it feels so plush. It has a medium-length tail, short white whiskers, and pointed ears with slightly rounded tips. It comes in an array of colors and patterns, usually in either solid or bicolor, in colors including smoke, gray, black, fawn, brown, chestnut, orange, red, and white.
The Napoleon has very few health issues, but some can be prone to polycyctic kidney disease, which it inherited from the Persian. However, due to its straight rather than “squashed-in” nose, it is not prone to any mucus-related issues, as contemporary Persians are. These cats need only a moderate amount of grooming. Shorthairs should be brushed once a week, while longhairs should be brushed about twice a week, to keep them in tip-top shape, and to give both you and them a lot of pleasure!
With Thank to:
Barron’s Encyclopedia of Cat breeds, J. Anne Halgren
See articles on this website about the Persian and the Munckin breeds
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